9 Tricks to Outsmart Criminals You Should Memorize Now


Crime stoppers

Police employ plenty of high-tech methods to predict and prevent crime, but you need to do your part, too. That’s especially important now that the FBI has released data showing an almost 4 percent increase in violent crime–murder, rape, aggravated assault, and robbery–between 2014 and 2015. The good news is that violent crime in 2015 was 0.7 percent less than in 2011 and 16.5 percent lower than in 2006. Still, such statistics are little consolation if you are a crime victim. Try these easy theft-prevention strategies to ensure you stay safe and secure whether you’re in your hometown or visiting another city. You should also learn the common reasons a criminal might target you.

The post 9 Tricks to Outsmart Criminals You Should Memorize Now appeared first on Reader's Digest.



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Honor 9 Lite Akan Dilancarkan Di Malaysia Pada Minggu Pertama Mac – Amanz


Honor Malaysia sebelum ini telah hadir dengan gambar acah untuk sebuah peranti baru yang akan ditawarkan untuk pasaran tempatan. Kini, mereka turut telah mengeluarkan jemputan media, untuk pelancaran peranti Honor 9 Lite pada 6 Mac 2018 kelak.

Honor 9 Lite hadir dengan panca-kamera, dua dihadapan dan dua dibelakang.

Dari segi spesifikasi, ia menggunakan skrin 5.65-inci IPS LCD FHD+, cip Kirin 659, memori 3GB RAM, dan storan 64GB. Ia menggunakan dwi-kamera hadapan 13MP+2MP, selain kamera hadapan, ia turut menggunakan gabungan sensor sama untuk kamera belakang. Melengkapkannya juga adalah bateri berkapasiti 3000mAh.

Honor Malaysia dijangka menawarkan Honor 9 Lite ini secara eksklusif bersama pihak Shopee terlebih dahulu. Kita mungkin akan mendengar harga jualan dan tarikh penawarannya untuk pasaran tempatan pada acara pelancarannya kelak.



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9 Body Parts That Are Younger Than You Think


Your Stomach Lining Is: 5 days old

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Also known as the mucosa, your stomach lining plays a key role in helping you digest food. Special cells produce the acid and enzymes responsible for your stomach’s low pH, which promotes the chemical breakdown of, say, your lunch. In a work of genius, the same cells also secrete protective mucus that safeguards the stomach lining from the wear and tear of all that acid. All that and less than a week on the job!

Your Taste Buds Are: 10 days old

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Small, but hard-working, your body’s 10,000-odd taste buds contain microscopic hairs called microvilli that convey facts about food to your brain—that Ben & Jerry’s scoop of Chunky Monkey is sweet, that hot pretzel is salty. Your taste buds are replaced often, but this process slows down (and some taste buds stop being replaced) with age. So older adults may only have 5,000 taste buds, according to kidshealth.org, which is why certain foods don’t taste as flavorful to seniors. Don’t miss these strange body parts and their surprising purposes.

Your Skin Is: 2 weeks old

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The outermost layer of your skin is called the stratum corneum. It mainly serves as a protective barrier between the rest of the more sensitive layers of your skin and the environment around them, letting only tiny particles pass through. (Your face and skin are one of the body parts you really shouldn’t touch, either.)

Your Eyelashes Are: 2 months old

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They may be pretty, but eyelashes serve an important body function, which is why many animals besides humans have them too. They shield your eyes from danger by blocking particles like dust and dirt, and prevent your eyes from drying out. Top lids contain about 150 to 200 hairs and bottom lids have around 75 to 100. Do you know which body parts are as unique as your fingerprint?

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Your Red Blood Cells Are: 4 months old

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A single drop of blood contains millions of these powerhouse cells, which deliver oxygen to and remove waste from other cells, according to the Franklin Institute. It’s an important, life-sustaining function. Iron in your diet facilitates this process, which is why getting enough of the mineral is crucial for optimal health. (It’s most common in red meat, fish, poultry, eggs, and beans.)

Your Liver Cells Are: About a year old (300-500 days)

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The ultimate cleansing organ, your liver is responsible for filtering blood from the digestive tract before it circulates to the rest of the body, metabolizes drugs, and detoxifies chemicals, according to WebMD. It’s a big job for the large, meaty-looking organ, weighing in at about three pounds and located on the right side of your stomach—no wonder it needs to regenerate cells about every year or so.

Your Bones Are: 10 years old

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Your bones may feel strong and sturdy, but the cells that comprise them are constantly dying and being reborn, producing an entirely new skeleton every decade, according to More. Bone density is strongest in your early 20s and then gradually weakens. Osteoporosis, a serious condition of low bone mass, occurs when bone loss occurs more often than bone rebirth.

Your Rib Muscle Cells Are: About 15 years old (15.1)

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Your ribcage protects vital internal organs like the heart and lungs. Its 12 pairs of bones, in turn, are supported by ligaments and muscles. Those muscles between the ribs are called intercostal muscles, which allow your ribcage to expand in and out when you breathe—a constant workout. Don’t miss these body parts you should never pick, pop, or pluck.

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Your Cerebellum Is: 3 years younger than you are

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This is part of the brain—located in the lower back, near the stem—that controls motor skills and balance. Although it only accounts for 10 percent of total brain volume, the cerebellum contains more than 50 percent of its total neurons (or brain cells), according to the University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston. The cerebellum is one of the first areas to develop in babies but ages slowly; it’s primarily involved in maintaining balance and posture, coordinating voluntary movements, learning new motor skills (like hitting a baseball, or for babies, any movement), and certain other cognitive functions, such as language.

Next, learn how these ten body parts got their names.



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Honor Malaysia Hadir Dengan Gambar Acah Untuk Peranti Baru. Adakah Honor 9 Lite? – Amanz


Honor Malaysia hari ini telah pun hadir dengan sebuah gambar acah untuk peranti baru, memperlihatkan ia akan menyertakan empat kamera – berkemungkinan dwi-kamera hadapan dan dwi-kamera belakang.

Honor tidak menyatakan apakah model yang akan dilancarkan – tetapi berdasarkan kepada pengesahan Sirim baru-baru ini, ia berkemungkinan adalah Honor 9 Lite.

Honor 9 Lite

Honor 9 Lite hadir dengan skrin 5.65-inci IPS LCD FHD+, menggunakan cip Kirin 659, memori 3GB RAM, dan storan 64GB. Melengkapkannya adalah dwi-kamera hadapan gabungan sensor 13MP + 2MP. Honor 9 Lite turut menggunakan sensor sama dibelakang, dan menyertakan bateri berkapasiti 3000mAh.

Seperti biasa, kita akan mengetahui sama ada ia adalah benar peranti Honor 9 Lite atau model lain dalam masa terdekat ini.



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Gambar Dan Spesifikasi ZTE Axon 9 Tertiris – Amanz


Peranti utama yang terakhir dikeluarkan oleh ZTE ialah Axon 7 yang dilancarkan dua tahun yang lalu. Kini beberapa maklumat tertiris mengatakan ZTE Axon 9 adalah pewaris kepada ZTE Axon 7.  Maklumat ini disahkan sendiri oleh CEO ZTE Cheng Lixin melalui beberapa sumber. Rekaan dan spesifikasi peranti ini akhirnya tertiris hari ini.

Jika dilihat daripada gambar di atas, ZTE Axon 9 kelihatan seperti mempunyai bahagian belakang yang diperbuat daripada logam. Lokasi kamera belakang adalah menegak dan mempunyai flash dua tona dan tiada pengimbas cap jari kelihatan. Di bahagian hadapan terdapat dua lensa kamera swafoto dan skrin kelihatan menggunakan nisbah 18:9 dengan bingkai yang nipis. Butang kapasitif juga kelihatan pada bahagian bawah skrin dan lokasi sebenar pengimbas cap jari masih lagi belum diketahui.

 

Spesifikasi yang tertiris setakat ini ialah ZTE Axon 9 akan dilengkapi skrin 6 inci AMOLED beresolusi QHD+, dijana oleh pemproses Snapdragon 845, memori sebesar 4/6 GB RAM dan storan dalaman 128/256 GB. Salah satu kamera di belakang adalah 20MP dan salah satu kamera di hadapan adalah 13MP.

Tarikh pelancaran masih lagi misteri bagi ZTE dan tiada maklumat rasmi mereka akan memperkenalkan ZTE Axon 9  di acara MWC 2018.


Feb 13, 2018

Gambar Dan Spesifikasi ZTE Axon 9 Tertiris

Peranti utama yang terakhir dikeluarkan oleh ZTE ialah Axon 7 yang dilancarkan dua tahun yang lalu. Kini beberapa maklumat tertiris mengatakan ZTE Axon 9 adalah pewaris kepada ZTE Axon 7.  Maklumat ini disahkan sendiri oleh CEO ZTE Cheng Lixin melalui beberapa sumber. Rekaan dan spesifikasi peranti ini akhirnya tertiris hari ini. Jika dilihat daripada gambar […]


Jan 23, 2018

ZTE Melangkaui Penggunaan Nama Axon 8 Untuk Peranti Utama Dan Memperkenalkan Terus Axon 9

Peranti utama ZTE Axon 7 dilancarkan pada tahun 2016. Peranti ini mempunyai rekaan kekisi pembesar suara stereo yang menarik dengan sokongan Dolby Atmos. Dalam ulasan yang kami berikan, peranti ini mempunyai kemampuan yang baik tetapi dijual pada harga yang mampu milik. Tiada Axon 8 dilancarkan tahun lalu walaupun amat dinantikan peminat ZTE. Di dalam sebuah […]




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Paten Terkini Samsung Memberikan Petunjuk Note 9 Mungkin Dilengkapi Pengimbas Cap Jari Terbina Pada Skrin – Amanz


Vivo X20Plus UD membuktikan peranti dengan pengimbas cap jari terbina skrin mampu dihasilkan. Ia akan menjadi peranti pemangkin yang akan menjadi ikutan pengeluar lain selepas trend penggunaan skrin nirbingkai tahun lalu. Samsung akan melancarkan Galaxy S8 dalam masa dua minggu, tidak seperti X20Plus UD ia dipercayai tidak dilengkapi pengimbas cap jari terbina pada skrin.

Tetapi ini tidak bermakna mereka tidak mempunyai perancangan untuk menyertakannya di masa hadapan. Sebuah paten baru yang difailkan oleh Samsung telah muncul di laman WIPO menunjukkan rekaan untuk sistem pengimbas cap jari terbina pada skrin. Ini memberikan petunjuk ia mungkin akan digunakan pada Galaxy Note 9 kelak.

Ini bukanlah paten pertama sistem ini yang difailkan oleh Samsung. Pada Oktober tahun lalu mereka memfailkan sistem ini tetapi ia tidak hadir dengan lakaran sistem yang jelas seperti di atas.



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Are You Drinking Too Much Water? 9 Signs


How is it possible to drink too much water?

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Dietitians constantly remind us that drinking enough water is absolutely vital in order for our bodies to function properly. And it is—unless you drink too much of it. Though most people worry more about getting dehydrated (here are the signs of dehydration to watch for), overhydration is equally as dangerous. Drinking too much water can result in water intoxication, also known as hyponatremia, causing the inside of cells to flood due to abnormally low sodium levels in your bloodstream. In severe cases, water intoxication can lead to debilitating health problems such as seizures, coma, and even death.

You NEVER leave the house without a water bottle and constantly have one in hand

iStock/Halfpoint

If you carry around your water bottle all day and immediately refill it when it depletes, you may be drinking too much water. Constantly adding water to your body can result in low sodium levels in your blood, which can cause all of the cells in your body to swell. According to Tamara Hew-Butler, DPM, PhD, an exercise science professor at Oakland University, this can become particularly dangerous when your brain starts to swell. “Your brain can only swell about 8 to 10 percent before it reaches the skull and it pushes your brain stem out,” Dr. Hew-Butler says.

You drink water even when you’re not thirsty

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The best way to know if your body really needs more water is to be consciously aware of whether or not you actually feel thirsty. “Our bodies are so programmed to fight against dehydration because we’ve always been living in fear of scarcity or not having enough, so we have all of these built-in mechanisms to protect us against that,” Dr. Hew-Butler says. “One of these mechanisms that all animals have is thirst. Thirst is every body’s individual monitor that lets them know if they need more. The more water you need, the thirstier you get.” These are unexpected reasons you’re always thirsty.

You continuously drink water until your urine is clear

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If you’re drinking a healthy amount of water, the color of your urine should be straw-colored to transparent yellow. Though most people believe clear urine is the healthiest sign of hydration, however, having urine with no pigmentation at all may be a sign that you’re drinking too much water. For most people, eight to ten glasses of water a day is considered a normal amount. This suggestion varies depending on an individual’s height, weight, and exercise patterns. Here’s what happens to your body when you drink the right amount of water.

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You urinate frequently, including during the night

iStock/&#169 Susan Stevenson

You may be drinking too much water if you find yourself often waking up in the middle of the night to use the bathroom. Most people urinate between six and eight times a day. If you find yourself urinating more than ten times a day, you may be drinking more water than your body needs. To prevent nighttime urination, have your last glass of water a couple hours before bed to give your kidneys time to filter the water through your body. Here are some other medical reasons you might be peeing a lot.

You feel nauseous and may experience vomiting

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The symptoms of overhydration look a lot like those of dehydration, according to Hew Butler. When you drink too much water, your kidneys become unable to rid of the excess liquid and water starts to collect in the body. This can cause a number of unpleasant symptoms, often including nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.

You have throbbing headaches throughout the day

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Headaches are both a sign of overhydration and dehydration, similar to nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. When you drink too much water, the salt concentration in your blood reduces, causing the cells in the organs throughout your body to swell. When your salt concentration is low, your cells grow. When you drink too much water, your brain actually grows in size and presses against the skull. This added pressure can cause a throbbing headache and more serious health problems such as brain impairment and trouble breathing. Here are some natural headache remedies to try.

You notice swelling or discoloration in your hands, lips, and feet

iStock/Catalin205

In many cases of hyponatremia, people will experience noticeable swelling or discoloration in their hands, lips, and feet. When all of the cells throughout your body swell, your skin will start to visibly swell as well. Those who drink too much water may gain weight suddenly, due to swelling and excess water in the bloodstream. If you’re drinking more than ten cups of water each day and notice swelling or discoloration in your hands, lips, and feet, consider cutting back on your water intake and see if your symptoms subside.

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Your muscles feel weak and tend to cramp easily

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Having a healthy, fully functioning body is all about balance. When you drink too much water, your electrolyte levels drop and that balance is compromised. Low electrolyte levels can cause a number of unpleasant symptoms, including muscle spasms and cramping. You can prevent muscle problems by replacing a couple glasses of water a day with coconut water, which is full of electrolytes and 100 percent natural.

You feel tired or fatigued

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Your kidneys are responsible for filtering the water you drink through your body and making sure the fluid levels in your bloodstream stay balanced. When you drink too much water, your kidneys have to work even harder, creating a stressful reaction from your hormones that leaves your body stressed and fatigued. If you’re constantly drinking water and find yourself struggling to get out of bed, it may be because you’ve added unneeded stress to your kidneys. These are some other medical causes of fatigue to watch out for, too.



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Rakyat berputih mata kerajaan negeri batal 9 projek Rumah Selangorku


SHAH ALAM – Sama ada salah pemaju atau kerajaan negeri, yang perlu difikirkan ialah nasib beribu rakyat yang telah mengemukakan permohonan dan membuat pinjaman dengan bank untuk membeli kediaman Rumah Selangorku.

Tindakan kerajaan Pakatan Harapan (PH) Selangor membatalkan sembilan projek pembinaan Rumah Selangor di enam kawasan Majlis Perbandaran termasuk Bandaraya Shah Alam (MBSA) adalah suatu langkah yang bukan sahaja mengecewakan rakyat, malah membebankan mereka.

Meskipun, Pengerusi Jawatankuasa Perumahan, Pengurusan Bangunan dan Kehidupan Bandar negeri itu, Datuk Iskandar A. Samad menyatakan pembatalan projek itu disebabkan kegagalan pemaju, tetapi mustahil kerajaan negeri tidak mempunyai alternatif lain untuk menyelamatkan keadaan.

Menuding jari mencari kesalahan pihak lain sangat mudah, tetapi bagaimana pula dengan kesukaran dihadapi pemaju yang berdepan dengan pelbagai karenah birokrasi kerajaan negeri ini.

Inilah hakikat yang terpaksa dihadapi rakyat Selangor apabila tiga projek Rumah Selangorku di kawasan Majlis Perbandaran (MP) Kajang, dua projek dalam MP Selayang dan masing-masing satu projek dalam MP Subang Jaya, MBSA, MP Ampang Jaya dan MP Klang terpaksa dibatalkan pembinaannya.

Tidakkah pembatalan itu melibatkan ribuan unit kediaman yang semuanya sudah dimohon oleh rakyat?

Menurut Iskandar dalam kenyataannya kepada media, Mesyuarat Jawatankuasa Induk Rumah Selangorku semalam telah bersetuju agar kelulusan bagi membina sembilan projek Rumah Selangorku dibatalkan.

Beliau yang mempengerusikan mesyuarat itu berkata, kelulusan semua projek tersebut telah dibatalkan kerana pemaju gagal mendapatkan Kebenaran Merancang dalam tempoh dua tahun dari tarikh kelulusan Majlis Mesyuarat Kerajaan Negeri (Exco).

“Pembatalan projek tersebut yang telah diluluskan dari tahun 2014 hingga 2016 akan disahkan oleh MMKN,” katanya.

Beliau juga berkata, kerajaan negeri mempunyai satu jawatankuasa khas untuk memantau pembinaan Rumah Selangorku iaitu Jawatankuasa Teknikal Pemantauan Pembangunan Rumah Selangorku.

Katanya, jawatankuasa itu dianggotai Pengarah Eksekutif Lembaga Perumahan dan Hartanah Selangor (LPHS), wakil Pejabat Exco Perumahan, Pengurusan Bangunan dan Kehidupan Bandar, wakil Pejabat Tanah Galian Selangor, wakil Pejabat Tanah dan Daerah terlibat dan wakil Pihak Berkuasa Tempatan (PBT) terlibat.

Tugas jawatankuasa itu ialah memantau status permohonan Kebenaran Merancang, Pelan Bangunan dan Lesen Permit Pengiklanan Pembangunan (APDL) oleh pemaju dan membuat lawatan tapak berkala ke projek dalam pembinaan.

“Tugas jawatankuasa itu (kononnya) untuk menyelesaikan isu berkaitan pembangunan yang melibatkan agensi teknikal seperti TNB, Air Selangor, IWK dan lain-lain, di samping melaporkan kepada Mesyuarat Jawatankuasa Induk Rumah Selangorku untuk tindakan selanjutnya.

“Apabila pemaju diberi kelulusan untuk membina Rumah Selangorku oleh MMKN, mereka diberi tempoh dua tahun untuk memulakan pembinaan,” katanya.

Iskandar mendakwa, sebelum pembatalan itu dibuat, pihaknya telah mengeluarkan surat peringatan dan notis secara berperingkat kepada pemaju yang gagal atau lewat.

Katanya, surat peringatan dikeluarkan 12 bulan selepas kelulusan MMKN mengarahkan pemaju mengemukakan status kemajuan dalam tempoh 14 hari dan notis 14 hari selepas surat peringatan dikeluarkan bagi tujuan memulakan pembinaan atau kelulusan akan dibatalkan

Pihaknya juga ujar beliau, mengeluarkan notis akhir dalam tempoh enam sebelum tarikh luput kelulusan MMKN, di mana pemaju dimaklumkan bahawa tarikh kelulusan mereka akan luput dan selepas itu notis pembatalan.

“Kerajaan negeri sentiasa memantau projek yang telah diluluskan dan mengambil tindakan tegas ke atas pemaju yang melewatkan pembinaan projek Rumah Selangorku.

“Bagaimanapun kerajaan negeri mengambil kira masalah yang dihadapi pemaju seperti tanah, perundangan, cerun, pencerobohan dan sebagainya.

“Selain dari pembatalan kelulusan MMKN, permohonan Kebenaran Merancang untuk projek lain pemaju juga ditahan jika mereka melewatkankan pembinaan Rumah Selangorku,” ujarnya.

Beliau berkata, di bawah kerajaan negeri sekarang, pemaju tidak boleh membina Rumah Selangorku paling akhir, tetapi perlu dibina terlebih dahulu atau serentak dengan rumah harga bebas.

Ini berbeza ketika Selangor diperintah oleh Barisan Nasional (BN) yang membenarkan rumah kos rendah boleh dibina selepas rumah harga bebas siap dibina. – theRakyat



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9 Diabetes Myths to Ignore


Myth: Eating sugar causes diabetes

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Fact: Eating sugar doesn’t cause diabetes in the same smoking-gun way that cigarettes cause cancer, notes Prevention.com, but sugar seems to play an indirect role and it’s just plain common sense to limit your intake. For one thing, eating too much sugar can lead to obesity, which is a risk factor for type 2 diabetes, says David G. Marrero, PhD, president of Health Care & Education at the American Diabetes Association. But beyond that association, recent research suggests that sugary drinks can increase diabetes risk, even after accounting for weight. A 2015 BMJ study found that consuming one sugar-sweetened drink a day raises type 2 diabetes risk by 18 percent. And a JAMA study found that the risk of diabetes in women almost doubled when they went from drinking from 1 or fewer sugary drinks a week to 1 or more per day over a four-year period. These rapidly absorbed sugars may damage cells in the pancreas that secrete insulin, according to Prevention.com. Sugar is hidden in countless packaged foods, so you’re probably consuming more than you think. Look at nutrition labels and avoid highly processed foods. The World Health Organization recommends sticking to no more than six teaspoons (or 24 grams) a day for the average adult.

Myth: Thin people don’t get type 2 diabetes

iStock/Dean Mitchell

Fact: While some 85 percent of people with type 2 diabetes are overweight or obese, that means 15 percent of people with diabetes are at a healthy weight, according to a recent article in Harvard Health Publications. In fact, a 2012 study in JAMA found that normal-weight people with type 2 diabetes have double the risk of dying from heart disease and other causes than overweight people with diabetes. Genes can play a role, as can having an excess of visceral fat, or fat that isn’t jiggly and pinchable, but rather clings to your abdominal organs, where it affects the production of inflammatory compounds that affect your liver and pancreas and could lower your insulin sensitivity, putting you at risk of type 2 diabetes, molecular imaging expert Jimmy Bell, MD, told Women’s Health magazine.

 

Regardless of weight, people age 45 and older get their blood sugar levels checked every three years, especially if you have risk factors like being sedentary; having a family history of diabetes or personal history of gestational diabetes; heart disease; high blood pressure; and high cholesterol.

Myth: Exercise is dangerous for people with diabetes

iStock/BraunS

Fact: This couldn’t be further from the truth: Numerous studies have shown that regular physical activity actually helps lower blood sugar levels and can improve diabetes management. The important thing is to get your doctor’s clearance to start exercising (particularly if you’ve been inactive) and talk to your doc or a diabetes educator about how/when to test your blood sugar as part of your workout routine. If you take medication or insulin that can cause low blood sugar, says the Mayo Clinic, “test your blood sugar 30 minutes before exercising and approximately every 30 minutes during exercise. This will help you determine if your blood sugar level is stable, rising or falling and if it’s safe to keep exercising.” It’s also a good idea keep a snack on hand in case you need to bring your blood sugar back up post-workout. If you feel weak or shaky, your body is telling you to take a break or stop.

Myth: Diabetes has no symptoms; only my doctor can detect it

iStock/GoodLifeStudio

Fact: Diabetes does have a number of early warning signs, but the problem is that they’re often subtle enough to overlook or ignore. No wonder 25 percent of people with diabetes don’t even know they have it. Telltale signs: feeling dehydrated even when you’ve been drinking, drinking more fluids than usual, frequent trips to the bathroom, feeling tired and hungry all the time, or losing weight without changes to diet or lifestyle. If you notice any of these symptoms, it’s a good idea to see your doctor. Diabetes is easily and definitively diagnosed with a blood test.

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Myth: You shouldn’t get pregnant if you have diabetes

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Fact: “People are worried about the risk to themselves and their child, or worry that they can’t become pregnant at all, particularly in those with type 1; but that’s just not true anymore,” says Marrero. “This myth stems from a time when diabetes was poorly controlled and understood.” There’s still a risk of complications, such as preterm birth, if you aren’t vigilant in controlling your blood sugar levels, but plenty of people become pregnant and have normal pregnancies with proper monitoring, he says. For more information on having a health pregnancy with diabetes, check out the American Diabetes Association’s resource guide.

Myth: You’ll always be able to tell if your blood sugar levels are too low or too high

iStock/vgajic

Fact: Initial signs of elevated blood sugar are often so mild that they’re easily overlooked. This is why it’s important to regularly test and track blood sugar levels. Not only can this alert you to a dip or spike even before your body sends you signals, it also helps you learn how diet, exercise, stress, and illness affects your levels. When you become hypoglycemic (blood sugar is too low), you may experience sweating or shakiness. But long-term diabetics often develop something called “hypoglycemia unawareness,” which means they lose the ability to feel these symptoms as time goes on, says Deena Adimoolam, MD, assistant professor in the Department of Endocrinology, Obesity & Metabolism at Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai in New York City. Closely follow your doctor’s recommendation for how often to check blood sugar levels. Call 911 immediately if you have blurred vision, feel confused or sleepy, or experience vomiting.

Myth: Diabetics have to follow a strict, no-sugar diet

iStock/arinahabich

Fact: Dessert is not off the table, either for type 1 or type 2 diabetes. With type 2 diabetes, the key is moderation; keep sweets a small portion of your overall diet and fill the rest with fiber-packed whole grains, veggies, and lean protein. Type 1 diabetes is a little trickier, because you’ll have to learn how to adjust your next insulin dose to compensate for sugary carbs. “It just takes a little bit of trial and error to figure out the right insulin dose, but it’s very manageable and learnable,” says Marrero, who himself has type 1 diabetes. “Using a continuous glucose monitor that will show you when your levels are changing is a great option.”

Myth: If you have diabetes, you’re more likely to catch a cold

iStock/OJO

Fact: You’re no likelier than anyone else to pick up a cold, the flu, or any other illness if you have diabetes, according to the American Diabetes Association. However, illnesses can make diabetes more difficult to control; for instance, people will diabetes are three times more likely to be hospitalized from the flu than those without the disease, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Get a flu shot and follow the CDC’s tips for keeping yourself healthy during flu season.

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9 Early Signs of Alzheimer’s Every Adult Should Know


Why early detection matters

 

hand of a old man begging for money because of the hunger holding a cane.vintage tonemrmohock/Shutterstock

With grim prognoses and very limited treatments for Alzheimer’s disease, early detection isn’t particularly advantageous. (These 36 habits reduce your risk of Alzheimer’s.) But that may be changing—fast. One of the hottest areas of Alzheimer’s research involves treating people in the very earliest stages of the disease with drugs that decrease the production of amyloid beta (proteins that bunch together to form damaging plaques in the brain). Experts believe that people begin to develop amyloid plaques in their brains at least 10 years before they develop any obvious symptoms of dementia. This is how memory loss in Alzheimer’s patients could soon be reversed.

Reisa Sperling, MD, director of the Center for Alzheimer Research and Treatment at Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston is leading a new clinical trial, called the A4 study, which will evaluate patients with evidence of Alzheimer’s damage in the brain but who still have normal thinking and memory function. The trial will randomly assign groups to receive medication, and researchers will determine over three years whether the drugs affected the patients’ memory or levels of amyloid. “When a person already has a lot of memory trouble, they already have significant neuron loss,” says Dr. Sperling. “We need to find and treat people much earlier.” Here’s what to watch for.

Worrying about your memory

 

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A number of studies presented at an Alzheimer’s Association conference last year found that people who were concerned about their own memory and thinking were in fact more likely to have signs of Alzheimer’s plaques in their brain, and develop dementia symptoms later. “People should trust what they observe about themselves,” Rebecca Amariglio, PhD, a Harvard neuropsychologist, told USA Today. It’s common with a number of health conditions—such as arthritis, or Parkinson’s disease—for people to feel something isn’t right before others observe it, Frank Jessen, a researcher at the German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases, told the New York Times. Learn more about how to tell if your memory loss is an early sign of Alzheimer’s.

Spotty recollection of recent important events

 

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Forgetting a key conversation with a family member or a big news story from earlier in the week (like a natural disaster such as a hurricane) is concerning—especially if people can’t remember they forgot it. “If you remember that you forgot something, like your keys, that means your brain is still trying to access that information,” says Dr. Sperling. Not being able to remember the name of an actor in a movie—but recalling it later that night or the next day—is probably not a sign of Alzheimer’s disease. (During later stages, use these 11 ways to maintain an emotional connection with someone with Alzheimer’s.)

Trouble managing finances

 

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Not being able to keep track of paying bills, having difficulty transferring money among accounts, or having problems maintaining an adequate balance to cover payments can all be early red flags for Alzheimer’s, several studies show. “When I talk to patients in my office, I always ask who pays the bills,” Dr. Sperling says. “If I hear that there’s been a change—say the wife did all the bill paying, but her husband has recently taken over, that’s a concerning find.” Accounting troubles can also set a person up for fraud–these are the signs of elder financial abuse to watch out for.

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Getting lost while driving

 

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This is especially relevant if someone gets confused or disoriented in a place where they’ve driven many times—like if they had to take a slightly different route home from a store, but had trouble getting back to a familiar destination. Find out the real difference between dementia and Alzheimer’s.

Skipping social events

 

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“We’ve seen that difficulty following conversations, particularly in a group, can be an early sign of Alzheimer’s,” says Dr. Sperling. (These are the habits of people who look and act younger than their age.) She’ll hear patients with early signs of Alzheimer’s report that they don’t like to go out to lunch as much with their friends as they used to because they feel they’re not picking up the jokes or conversation.

Losing interest in favorite hobbies

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Another potential early signal of Alzheimer’s is when people start to skip their favorite pastimes—a golfer or a bridge player who foregoes his weekly game, for example. “Alzheimer’s-related brain changes can cause apathy, which makes people lose motivation,” says Dr. Sperling. These symptoms may mimic depression. “If a patient has never had depression before or has no obvious reason for being depressed, such as grief over the loss of a loved one, that’s concerning,” she adds. Find out what new research says could be the earliest sign of Alzheimer’s.

An inability to plan

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People in early stages of Alzheimer’s disease have changes in their ability to plan or multitask—a brain skill known as executive function. It could be someone who annually gets the holiday parties or family vacations together who begins to have trouble organizing, or even has trouble with day to day schedules.

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Trouble sleeping

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Nighttime tossing and turning that leaves you exhausted the next morning could be a sign of more than stress. A study in the journal Neurology asked adults considered at risk for Alzheimer’s—but who didn’t have symptoms—about their sleep habits. Those who reported worse sleep problems and trouble falling asleep, and more daytime tiredness had more markers for Alzheimer’s disease in their spinal fluid than those who said they slept fine. The scientists aren’t sure if poor sleep raises risk for Alzheimer’s or if sleep problems are a symptom brought on by the condition, but check with your doctor if your sleepless nights are paired with lapses in memory. On the flip side, this one sleeping habit could ward off Alzheimer’s.

Anxiety

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Studies have indicated that depression could be one of the early signs of Alzheimer’s, but researchers weren’t sure whether depression was a risk factor or a result of the condition. One five-year study in the American Journal of Psychiatry could shed some light, though. The researchers found more amyloid beta—the protein that builds the plaques found in brains of people with Alzheimer’s—in cognitively healthy adults who had increasing anxiety. In fact, anxiety was an even stronger predictor of plaques than other depression symptoms such as apathy or a decrease in life satisfaction. The researchers conclude that heightened anxiety could be one of the earliest signs of Alzheimer’s because it shows up even before memory loss. Still, learn why Alzheimer’s patients should avoid antidepressants.

What to do if that sounds like you

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“If someone is experiencing some of these signs, but is still living their daily life reasonably well, they would be a perfect candidate to come in and get screened for participation in the study,” says Dr. Sperling. Her team is seeking to screen as many as 10,000 people in order to find 1,000 participants to be part of the trial. (Some of those screened won’t have Alzheimer’s plaques in the brain; some might have memory problems that are already too advanced.) “Remember, the reason to participate in this study is not because we think you have advanced Alzheimer’s disease, it’s to prevent all memory loss due to Alzheimer’s disease by stopping the disease in its earliest stage,” she continues. Visit A4study.org to learn more and find a testing center near you. Learn about the promising new treatment that could reverse memory loss.



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