Ini agenda Trump Jerusalem bukan milik Israel – Profesor Kamaruzaman



‘Perhaps there can be nothing more dastardly immoral than if the USA, or Russia, or China; unilaterally planted a flag on the moon or even Mars – and call it the location for the new Washington DC, Moskva or Beijing.’

INI antara pendapat Ketua Fakulti Tamadun Islam Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Profesor Kamaruzaman Yusof kepada AWANI REVIEW.

Kamaruzaman berkongsi pendapat beliau mengenai kontroversi pengiktirafan ibu negara Israel oleh Presiden Amerika Syarikat, Donald Trump baru-baru ini.

Beliau turut menjelaskan kepentingan kuasa gabungan tiga negara iaitu Turki, Rusia dan Iran bagi menentukan nasib Baitulmaqdis sekiranya negara-negara Islam gagal menolak keputusan A.S.

Itu antara intipati artikel yang diterbitkan di AWANI REVIEW berjudul Calling A Halt to Israeli Annexation.

Layari http://awanireview.com untuk mengetahui dengan lebih tentang masalah-masalah syarikat-syarikat Malaysia dan bagaimana untuk mengatasi era transformasi digital.

BACA: PBB batal pengiktirafan Baitulmaqdis sebagai ibu negara Israel



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Turkeys Erdogan says will take Jerusalem resolution to U.N. General Assembly



ISTANBUL: Turkey will take the resolution calling on the United States to withdraw its declaration of Jerusalem as the Israeli capital to the United Nations General Assembly, Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan said on Tuesday. The resolution was introduced to the U.N. Security Council on Monday by Egypt, a non-permanent member, but was vetoed by the United States, despite the 14 other votes in favour.

“Now, God willing, we will carry the resolution to the U.N. General Assembly,” Erdogan a joint news conference with the Djibouti’s President Ismail Omar Guelleh. “A two-thirds support in the General Assembly would actually mean the rejection of the decision made by the Security Council,” he added.



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Indias muted response to Trumps Jerusalem move fuels Arab unease



NEW DELHI: A dozen Arab ambassadors have asked India to clarify its position on the U.S recognition of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital, diplomatic sources said, after New Delhi’s muted response suggested a shift in support for the Palestinian cause.

U.S. President Donald Trump abruptly reversed decades of U.S. policy this month when he recognised Jerusalem as Israel’s capital, generating outrage from Palestinians. Trump also plans to move the U.S. embassy to Jerusalem from Tel Aviv.

Countries around the world, including U.S. allies Britain and France, criticised Trump’s decision, but India did not take sides.

Instead, the Indian foreign ministry in a brief statement, said India’s position was consistent and independent of any third party.

The bland statement made no reference to Jerusalem and prompted criticism at home that it was insufficient, vague and anti-Palestinian.

Israel maintains that all of Jerusalem is its capital. Palestinians want East Jerusalem as the capital of a future independent state and say Trump’s move has left them marginalised and jeopardised any hopes of a two-state solution.

Last week, envoys from Arab states including Saudi Arabia, Egypt and Kuwait based in New Delhi met Indian junior foreign minister M.J. Akbar to brief the government about an Arab League meeting on Dec 9 condemning the U.S. decision, a diplomatic and an Indian government source said.

The envoys also sought a more forthright Indian response, the sources said.

But Akbar gave no assurance and the Indian source said the government had no plans for a further articulation on Jerusalem, which is at the heart of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

“Akbar did not promise anything,” the diplomatic source briefed on the meeting said, speaking on the condition of anonymity because of diplomatic sensitivities.

India was one of the earliest and vocal champions of the Palestinian cause during the days it was leading the Non-Aligned Movement while it quietly pursued ties with Israel.

But under Prime Minister Narendra Modi, New Delhi has moved to a more open relationship with Israel, lifting the curtain on thriving military ties and also homeland security cooperation.

Modi’s Hindu nationalist ruling group views Israel and India as bound together in a common fight against Islamist militancy and long called for a public embrace of Israel.

Modi in July made a first trip to Israel by an Indian prime minister and did not go to Ramallah, the headquarters of the Palestinian Authority and a customary stop for leaders trying to maintain a balance in political ties.

P.R. Kumaraswamy, a leading Indian expert on ties with Israel at New Delhi’s Jawaharlal Nehru University, said a “major shift” on India’s policy had been evident since early this year when Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas visited New Delhi.

“With the Palestinian president standing by his side, Prime Minister Modi reiterated India’s support for Palestinian statehood but carefully avoided any direct reference to East Jerusalem,” he said.

For decades, India’s support for a Palestinian state was accompanied by an explicit reference to East Jerusalem being the Palestinian capital. But Delhi has moved to a more balanced position, refusing to take sides in an explosive dispute, he said.

During the meeting last week, the ambassadors of Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Somalia and the Palestinian Authority spoke, the diplomatic source said. Besides the dozen envoys there were charges d’affaires from several other countries in the region.

“They were expecting more from India, perhaps to denounce Israel and the U.S.” said former Indian ambassador to Jordan and Anil Trigunayat. “But would it really make a difference, adding one more voice?”



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Turkey says world must recognise East Jerusalem as Palestinian capital



ISTANBUL: Muslim nations must press the world to recognise East Jerusalem as the capital of a Palestinian state, Turkey said on Wednesday as it opened an Islamic summit called in response to a U.S. decision to recognise the city as Israel’s capital.

The meeting of leaders and ministers from more than 50 Muslim countries takes place a week after U.S. President Donald Trump’s announcement on Jerusalem, which triggered widespread protests in the Middle East and Islamic world.

“Firstly the Palestinian state must be recognised by all other countries. We must all strive together for this,” Turkey’s Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu said.

“We must encourage other countries to recognise the Palestinian state on the basis of its 1967 borders with East Jerusalem as its capital.”

Jerusalem, revered by Jews, Christians and Muslims alike, is home to Islam’s third holiest site and has been at the heart of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict for decades.

Turkey has said Trump’s decision to recognise Jerusalem as Israel’s capital would plunge the world “into a fire with no end”, and called an emergency summit of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation to urge Washington to change course.

Cavusoglu said this week Turkey would not call for sanctions in response to the U.S. move, but would appeal for all countries that have not formally recognised Palestine as a state to do so, and to issue a strong rejection of the U.S. decision.

He said the summit would declare East Jerusalem as the Palestinian capital and call for Israel to withdraw from territories it occupied in a 1967 Middle East war. Israel captured Arab East Jerusalem in that war and later annexed it in an action not recognised internationally.

Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas will address the summit, which will also be attended by leaders including Iran’s President Hassan Rouhani and Sudan’s Omar al-Bashir.

Muslim nations must press the world to recognise East Jerusalem as the capital of a Palestinian state, Turkey said on Wednesday as it opened an Islamic summit called in response to a U.S. decision to recognise the city as Israel’s capital.

The meeting of leaders and ministers from more than 50 Muslim countries takes place a week after U.S. President Donald Trump’s announcement on Jerusalem, which triggered widespread protests in the Middle East and Islamic world.

“Firstly the Palestinian state must be recognised by all other countries. We must all strive together for this,” Turkey’s Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu said.

“We must encourage other countries to recognise the Palestinian state on the basis of its 1967 borders with East Jerusalem as its capital.”

Jerusalem, revered by Jews, Christians and Muslims alike, is home to Islam’s third holiest site and has been at the heart of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict for decades.

Turkey has said Trump’s decision to recognise Jerusalem as Israel’s capital would plunge the world “into a fire with no end”, and called an emergency summit of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation to urge Washington to change course.

Cavusoglu said this week Turkey would not call for sanctions in response to the U.S. move, but would appeal for all countries that have not formally recognised Palestine as a state to do so, and to issue a strong rejection of the U.S. decision.

He said the summit would declare East Jerusalem as the Palestinian capital and call for Israel to withdraw from territories it occupied in a 1967 Middle East war. Israel captured Arab East Jerusalem in that war and later annexed it in an action not recognised internationally.

Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas will address the summit, which will also be attended by leaders including Iran’s President Hassan Rouhani and Sudan’s Omar al-Bashir.

The International Criminal Court has issued arrest warrants for Bashir over his alleged role in war crimes including genocide in Sudan’s Darfur province, but Turkey is not a member of the court and not obliged to implement the warrants.

The Trump administration says it remains committed to reaching peace between Israel and the Palestinians and its decision does not affect Jerusalem’s future borders or status.

It says any credible future peace deal will place the Israeli capital in Jerusalem, and ditching old policies is needed to revive a peace process frozen since 2014.

The International Criminal Court has issued arrest warrants for Bashir over his alleged role in war crimes including genocide in Sudan’s Darfur province, but Turkey is not a member of the court and not obliged to implement the warrants.

The Trump administration says it remains committed to reaching peace between Israel and the Palestinians and its decision does not affect Jerusalem’s future borders or status.

It says any credible future peace deal will place the Israeli capital in Jerusalem, and ditching old policies is needed to revive a peace process frozen since 2014.



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North Korea denounces Trump Jerusalem decision



PYONGYANG: North Korea’s Foreign Ministry denounced US President Donald Trump’s Jerusalem decision on Saturday (December 9), the state-run television KRT reported.

The North Korean foreign ministry statement said Trump’s decision was and insult to the international legitimacy and the global consensus on the issue and that the US should take full responsibility over the consequences of the decision.

Trump’s announcement on Wednesday (December 6) has infuriated the Arab world and upset Western allies. The status of Jerusalem has been one of the biggest obstacles to a peace agreement between Israel and the Palestinians for generations.

Israel considers all of Jerusalem to be its capital. Palestinians want the eastern part of the city as the capital of a future independent state of their own.



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Canada will not move embassy to Jerusalem



OTTAWA: Canadian government would not move its embassy in Israel to Jerusalem and will keep it in Tel Aviv.

Jordan’s Petra news agency reported that Canada still does not recognize Jerusalem as Israel’s capital city.

Canada’s long-standing position is that the status of Jerusalem can be resolved only as part of a general settlement of the Palestinian-Israeli dispute.

This has been the policy of consecutive governments, both Liberal and Conservative,” press secretary of the Ministry of Canada’s Foreign Affairs Adam Austen said in a statement late Tuesday.

“We are strongly committed to the goal of a comprehensive, just and lasting peace in the Middle East, including the creation of a Palestinian state living side-by-side in peace and security with Israel,” Austen added.

The Canadian newspaper, Globe and Mail reported that the Canadian government stressed it would not transfer to Jerusalem amid reports US President Donald Trump would relocate the American embassy to the holy city of Jerusalem and recognise it as the country’s capital.

The move risks fueling violence in the Middle East and breaks with decades of US foreign policy that Jerusalem’s status must be determined in negotiation with the Palestinians, who wants to make East Jerusalem the capital of their future state, the newspaper noted.

It also confirmed that the international community, including Canada, does not recognise Israel’s annexation of East Jerusalem, which Israel captured in the 1967.

— BERNAMA



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Jerusalem as Israels capital Malaysia wants US to reconsider its decision



THE STATUS OF JERUSALEM

Malaysia is extremely concerned at reports that the United States has announced its decision to recognise Jerusalem as Israel’s capital. Such a decision would put to an end all efforts made towards a resolution of Palestinian question. It would have grave repercussions not only towards the security and stability of the region, but would inflame sentiments, making efforts to combat terrorism all the more difficult. 

Malaysia reaffirms that the issue of Jerusalem is at the core of the Palestinian cause and request that all Member States of the United Nations not to recognise any changes in the pre-1967 borders, including in connection with Jerusalem.

Any attempts to recognise Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, establishing or transferring any diplomatic mission to the city, are considered aggression not only against the Arab and Islamic Ummah, but are also infringements on the rights of Muslims and Christians alike.

It is also an infringement on the Palestinian people’s national rights, including their right to self-determination, and a grave breach of the international law along with the Security Council’s relevant resolutions: namely Resolutions No. 252 (1968), 267 (1969), 465, 476 and 478 (1980), including the recent Resolution 2334 (2016).

Recognition of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel is not a recognition of the reality on the ground; it is an expression of support for Israeli policies, much of which is in contravention of the international law. Might cannot be right.

The United States must reconsider its decision.

PUTRAJAYA

7 December 2017



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Liga Arab beri amaran peningkatan keganasan jika Jerusalem diberi kepada Israel



KAHERAH: Sebarang langkah mengiktiraf Jerusalem sebagai ibu negara Israel oleh Amerika Syarikat hanya akan meningkatkan aktiviti keganasan di rantau itu.

Setiausaha Agung Liga Arab Ahmed Aboul Gheit pada Sabtu menegaskan perkara itu perlu diambil serius Presiden Donald Trump yang dijangka mengumumkan perkara tersebut minggu hadapan.

BACA: Trump dijangka iktiraf ‘Jerusalem’ sebagai ibu negara Israel minggu depan

Kenyataan Liga Arab terbabit dibuat sehari selepas pentadbiran Trump mengumumkan hasratnya itu pada Jumaat.

“Hari ini kami mahu menyatakan dengan jelas bahawa tindakan seperti itu tidak wajar kerana ia tidak akan memberi keamanan atau kestabilan.

“Tetapi akan menggalakkan lagi aktiviti ekstremisme dan galakan keganasan,” kata Ahmed Aboul dalam satu kenyataan yang diterbitkan di laman web Liga Arab.

Katanya, pengumuman yang dirancang oleh Trump jauh berbeza dengan keputusan yang dibuat presiden sebelumnya yang menegaskan status Jerusalem itu mesti diputuskan dalam rundingan dengan Palestin.

“Ia hanya memberi manfaat kepada satu pihak iaitu kerajaan Israel yang bermusuhan dengan keamanan,” katanya lagi.

Masyarakat antarabangsa sebelum ini tidak mengiktiraf dakwaan Israel terhadap semua bandar, tempat suci bagi agama Islam, Yahudi dan Kristian yang diduduki rejim dan mahu keputusan dibuat memihak kepada Palestin.

Bagi umat Islam sedunia, ‘Jerusalem’ adalah nama yang tidak diiktiraf sebaliknya mahu terus mengekalkan kedaulatan dan kebebasan Baitulmaqdis.



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Trump dijangka iktiraf Jerusalem sebagai ibu negara Israel minggu depan



WASHINGTON: Presiden Amerika Syarikat (AS) Donald Trump pada minggu depan dijangka membuat pengumuman untuk mengiktiraf ‘Jerusalem’ sebagai ibu negara Israel, ujar pegawai pentadbir kanan pada Jumaat.

Langkah itu disifatkan bakal mengubah polisi AS selain berkemungkinan meningkatkan ketegangan di Asia Barat, lapor Reuters.

Trump dijangka membuat pengiktirafan kontroversi itu pada Rabu, walaupun beliau cenderung untuk melengahkan lagi janji kempennya, iaitu mahu memindahkan pejabat kedutaan AS dari Tel Aviv ke Jerusalem.

Bagi umat Islam sedunia, ‘Jerusalem’ adalah nama yang tidak diiktiraf sebaliknya mahu terus mengekalkan kedaulatan dan kebebasan Baitulmaqdis.

Rakyat Palestin mahu Baitulmaqdis menjadi ibu kota negara mereka. Pada masa yang sama, komuniti antarabangsa juga tidak mengiktiraf tuntutan Israel ke atas semua bahagian kota itu – yang dihuni bersama oleh penganut Islam, Yahudi dan Kristian.

Khabar tentang pengumuman Trump itu nyata berbeza dengan pendirian presiden-presiden AS sebelum ini yang menegaskan status kota itu perlu diputuskan secara rundingan.

Selain mengundang kritikan daripada pihak berkuasa Palestin dan negara-negara Arab, perkembangan itu juga mendedahkan ketidaktentuan usaha diplomatik pentadbiran AS yang diketuai menantu yang juga penasihat kanan Trump yang kurang berpengalaman, Jared Kushner.

Jurucakap Presiden Palestin Mahmoud Abbas, Nabil Abu Rdainah, berkata pengiktirafan ‘Jerusalem’ sebagai ibu negara Israel akan ‘memusnahkan proses keamanan’ dan ‘menjejaskan kestabilan serantau’.

Langkah itu dilihat hanya akan memuaskan hati golongan pro-Israel, iaitu kumpulan penyokong yang telah membantu Trump memenangi pilihan raya presiden.

Bagaimanapun setakat ini, belum ada pengesahan rasmi tentang rancangan pengumuman pengiktirafan tersebut daripada pegawai atasan White House.



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