AS anggap tindakan Myanmar terhadap Rohingya sebagai “penghapusan etnik” – Luar Negara


WASHINGTON 22 Nov. – Amerika Syarikat (AS) menganggap tindakan ketenteraan Myanmar ke atas penduduk Rohingya sebagai “penghapusan etnik” dan negara kuasa dunia itu akan mengenakan tindakan sekatan terhadap pihak terbabit.

Setiausaha Negara AS, Rex Tillerson menganggap tindakan itu sebagai kekejaman yang dahsyat.

“Selepas analisis secara berhati-hati terhadap fakta yang ada, ia jelas situasi di utara Rakhine sebagai penghapusan etnik terhadap Rohingya,” kata Tillerson dalam kenyataan di sini hari ini. – REUTERS



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Sah Myanmar amalkan Aparteid terhadap Rohingya



KUALA LUMPUR: Laporan badan hak asasi Amnesty International (AI) mendedahkan, rejim Myanmar sah melakukan diskriminasi ke atas etnik Rohingya.

Tahap diskriminasi yang dilakukan itu boleh dianggap satu bentuk Aparteid, mirip yang berlaku di Afrika Selatan sebelum ini.

Menurut laporan itu, rejim di Myanmar melakukan pembunuhan beramai-ramai sekali gus memaksa etnik minoriti malang itu melarikan diri secara berduyun-duyun ke Bangladesh.

“Walaupun pelanggaran itu berlaku sejak beberapa dekad, terutamanya sejak lima tahun lalu, Rakhine menjadi penjara terbuka bagi kaum minoriti Islam secara amnya, dan khususnya untuk Rohingya.

“Sistem ini pada dasarnya nampak dirancang secara sistematik untuk menjadikan kehidupan mereka sebagai memalukan dan tiada harapan lagi,’’ kata Pengarah Kanan Kajian Amnesty International, Anna Neistat semasa membentangkan laporan itu pada satu sidang media di Bangkok.

Antara lain, kajian AI itu yang mengambil masa selama dua tahun, membabitkan kaedah temu bual dan bukti bagi memperincikan bagaimana kehidupan warga Rohingya di Myanmar.

Dapatan kajian itu membuka persoalan mengenai bentuk keganasan yang akan dihadapi Rohingya jika mereka dibenarkan pulang ke Myanmar.

Pemimpin dunia menegaskan, keganasan yang berlaku di Rakhine perlu dihentikan segera dan pelbagai pihak wajar pastikan pelarian pulang ke kediaman mereka dengan selamat.

Sejak akhir Ogos lalu, lebih 620,000 etnik Rohingya lari meninggalkan Rakhine dan berhijrah ke Bangladesh untuk kehidupan lebih baik.



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China saran tiga fasa penyelesaian isu Rohingya untuk Myanmar Bangladesh



NAYPYITAW: China menggesa gencatan senjata di Rakhine, Myanmar supaya pelarian Rohingya dapat pulang dari Bangladesh, dalam pendekatan tiga peringkat bagi manangani isu tersebut.

Pembentangan cadangan itu berlangsung sempena persidangan para diplomat dari 51 buah negara Asia dan Eropah di Myanmar pada Isnin.

Lebih daripada 600,000 orang Islam Rohingya melarikan diri ke Bangladesh sejak penghujung Ogos lalu, berikutan operasi pengusiran di negeri Rakhine yang majoritinya penduduk Buddha.

Dalam bencana kemanusiaan itu, kumpulan pemerhati telah melabelkan tentera Myanmar sebagai zalim dan keterlaluan, sementara tokoh canselor negara itu, Aung San Suu Kyi, dikritik teruk oleh masyarakat antarabangsa kerana gagal bertindak terhadap hak golongan tertindas.

Menteri Luar China, Wang Yi, berkata negaranya percaya Myanmar dan Bangladesh mampu bekerjasama dengan wajar untuk mengakhiri krisis itu.

“Fasa pertama adalah untuk menguatkuasakan gencatan senjata di lokasi krisis bagi mengembalikan kestabilan dan undang-undang, seterusnya rakyat boleh menikmati keamanan serta tidak perlu untuk melarikan diri,” ujar Wang Yi.

Seterusnya, selepas gencatan senjata berjalan dengan baik, rundingan antara Myanmar dan Bangladesh perlu mendapatkan penyelesaian untuk membawa pulang pelarian, dan fasa terakhir adalah untuk menjalin kerjasama bagi mencapai penyelesaian jangka panjang dalam mengurangkan kemiskinan.

Untuk berita penuh, SILA BACA DI SINI.



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China draws three-stage path for Myanmar Bangladesh to resolve Rohingya crisis



NAYPYITAW: China called for a ceasefire in Myanmar’s Rakhine State so that Rohingya Muslim refugees can return from Bangladesh, proposing a three-stage approach to the crisis as diplomats from 51 mostly Asian and European countries gathered in Myanmar on Monday.

More than 600,000 Muslim Rohingya have fled to Bangladesh since late August, driven out by a military clearance operation in Buddhist majority Myanmar’s Rakhine State.

Amid a burgeoning humanitarian catastrophe, rights groups have accused the Myanmar military of atrocities, while foreign critics have blasted Aung San Suu Kyi, the Nobel peace prize winner who leads a civilian administration that is less than two years old, for failing to speak out more strongly.

On Monday, Suu Kyi opened an Asia-Europe Meeting for foreign ministers that had been scheduled in Myanmar before the outbreak of the crisis.

Speaking in the capital of Naypyitaw on Sunday, having arrived from Dhaka, China’s Foreign Minister Wang Yi said China believed Myanmar and Bangladesh could work out a mutually acceptable way to end the crisis.

“The first phase is to effect a ceasefire on the ground, to return to stability and order, so the people can enjoy peace and no longer be forced to flee,” China’s foreign ministry said in a statement, citing Wang.

“With the hard work of all sides, at present, the first phase’s aim has already basically been achieved, and the key is to prevent a flare-up, especially that there is no rekindling the flames of war.”

During a meeting on Sunday, the ministry said, Wang told Myanmar President Htin Kyaw, “As a friend of both Myanmar and Bangladesh, China is willing to keep playing a constructive role for the appropriate handling of the Rakhine State issue.”

Visiting Myanmar last week, U.S. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson made many of the same points, but he also called for a credible investigation into reports of atrocities.

REPATRIATION PROCESS

Once a ceasefire is seen to be working, Wang said talks between Myanmar and Bangladesh should find a workable solution for the return of refugees, and the final phase should be to work towards a long-term solution based on poverty alleviation.

Myanmar and Bangladesh officials began talks last month to settle a repatriation process for Rohingya refugees, which Bangladesh expects to take to the next level in coming days.

Speaking on the sidelines of the ASEM meeting, European Union foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini said, “We believe that stopping the violence, the flow of refugees and guaranteeing full humanitarian access to Rakhine state, and safe, sustainable repatriation of refugees are going to be key.”

Mogherini, who also visited Bangladesh over the weekend, said, “There’s a real possibility of Myanmar and Bangladesh reaching a memorandum of understanding and agreement for the safe repatriation of refugees to Myanmar.”

The European bloc was ready to help with the process, she added.

It was unclear, however, whether a safe return was possible, or advisable, for the thousands of Rohingya women and children still stranded on the beaches trying to flee hunger and instability in Rakhine.

Myanmar intends to resettle most refugees who return in new “model villages”, rather than on the land they previously occupied, an approach the United Nations has criticized in the past as effectively creating permanent camps.

Besides restoring peace for Rohingya to return, Myanmar also had to resolve the issue of their citizenship, having treated them as stateless for decades, the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees, Filippo Grandi, told a news conference in Tokyo.

The UNHCR was ready to assist both countries with repatriation, he said, adding that it could help Myanmar with the citizenship verification of the Rohingya. Until now it has not been invited to participate in either.

“Much as resources are needed in Bangladesh to respond to the crisis, the solutions to this crisis lie in Myanmar,” Grandi said.

VIOLENCE LARGELY OVER

The crisis erupted after the military launched a brutal counter-insurgency operation against the militants after attacks on an army base and 30 police posts in Rakhine on Aug. 25.

Myanmar’s military has said that all fighting against the Rohingya militants died out on Sept.5.

The group behind those attacks, Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army (ARSA), had declared a one-month ceasefire on Sept.10, which was rejected by the Myanmar government. But there have been no serious clashes since.

The United States and other Western countries have become more engaged with Myanmar since it began a transition to civilian government after nearly 50 years of military rule.

Myanmar’s generals retain autonomy over defence, internal security and border issues in the current power-sharing arrangement.

China, with close ties to both Myanmar and Bangladesh, has long been a key player in lawless borderlands where rebel ethnic groups have battled Myanmar’s government for decades in a conflict driving thousands of refugees to seek shelter in China.



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Bangladesh says its in talks with Myanmar on Rohingya repatriation deal



DHAKA: Bangladesh is in negotiations with Myanmar aimed at a deal to repatriate displaced Rohingya and Dhaka’s foreign minister will address the matter at talks in Myanmar this week, the Bangladeshi foreign ministry said on Sunday.

More than 600,000 Muslim Rohingya have fled to neighbouring Bangladesh since late August, driven out by a military clearance operation in Buddhist majority Myanmar’s Rakhine State. The Rohingyas’ suffering has caused an international outcry.

“Bangladesh and Myanmar are in the process of negotiation for a bilateral agreement for repatriation of displaced people and expect to form a Joint Working Group to facilitate the repatriation,” said a ministry statement, quoting remarks by Foreign Minister Abul Hasan Mahmood Ali at a meeting with his Japanese counterpart in Dhaka on Sunday.

A senior aide to Ali said he would leave for Myanmar late on Sunday to attend an Asia-Europe (ASEM) meeting on Monday and Tuesday and would stay on another couple of days for bilateral talks on the Rohingya.

The official said Ali hoped for an agreement on allowing Rohingya to return to Myanmar. “Both countries have almost reached an understanding on this issue and there are a few points (still) to be agreed … We hope to reach an agreement.”

There was no immediate comment from Myanmar. On Nov. 1, Myanmar insisted it was ready to set up a repatriation process but voiced fears Bangladesh was delaying an accord to first get international aid money. A senior Bangladesh home ministry official described the accusation as outrageous.

ALLEGATIONS OF ETHNIC CLEANSING

Stung by international criticism and accusations of ethnic cleansing of the Rohingya, Myanmar’s de facto leader, Aung San Suu Kyi, has said Rohingyas who can prove they were resident in Myanmar would be accepted back.

Last week a United Nations General Assembly committee called on Myanmar to end military operations that have “led to the systematic violation and abuse of human rights” of Rohingya.

The move revived a U.N. resolution that was dropped last year due to Myanmar’s progress on human rights.

However, in the past three months there has been a Rohingya exodus to Bangladesh after the Myanmar military began an operation against Rohingya militants who attacked 30 security posts and an army base in Rakhine on Aug. 25.

Myanmar’s army released a report on Monday denying all allegations of rapes and killings by security forces, days after replacing the general in charge of the military operation.

Top U.N. officials have denounced the violence as a classic example of ethnic cleansing. The Myanmar government has denied these allegations.

Rohingyas have been denied citizenship in Myanmar, where many Buddhists see them as illegal immigrants from Bangladesh.

A U.S. congressional delegation, European Union foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini and the foreign ministers of Germany, Sweden and Japan visited Rohingya camps in Cox’s Bazar at the weekend to raise awareness of their plight.

“We support Bangladesh’s efforts towards a lasting solution, including the repatriation of displaced persons,” Japan’s Taro Kona told Ali at their meeting, where Tokyo pledged $18.6 million in aid to ease the Rohingya crisis.

Mogherini told reporters: “More than putting pressure, our approach has always been and will continue to be to offer a negotiating space, encourage the taking care of a situation that is not going to disappear.”



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Myanmar perlu benarkan campur tangan AICHR dan AHA Centre – Edmund



KUALA LUMPUR : Myanmar harus secara sukarela membenarkan ASEAN campur tangan berhubung dakwaan melakukan genosid terhadap etnik Rohingya melalui Suruhanjaya Antara Kerajaan Asean Mengenai Hak Asasi Manusia (AICHR) dan Bantuan Kemanusiaan (AHA Centre).

Menurut wakil AICHR Malaysia, Edmund Bon berkata siasatan harus dijalankan terhadap pelaku yang bertanggungjawab terhadap jenayah perang dan jenayah menentang kemanusiaan terhadap etnik Rohingya di negara itu.

“Pendakwa raya dan pihak mahkahmah di Myanmar harus memulakan penyiasatan dan mengheret mereka yang bersalah dalam perbicaraan.

“Campur tangan AICHR dan AHA Centre menjalankan misi mencari fakta, menilai keperluan yang diperlukan dan memberikan bantuan secara langsung kepada mereka yang teraniaya,” katanya ketika dihubungi ASTRO Awani.

BACA: Isu Rohingya: Perjuangan Malaysia mula membuahkan hasil – PM Najib

Perdana Menteri Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak tiba di Manila pada Ahad untuk menghadiri Sidang Kemuncak ASEAN ke-31 dan Sidang Kemuncak berkaitan.

BACA: PM Najib tiba di Manila untuk sidang kemuncak ASEAN ke-31

Sebelum ini kerajaan Myanmar didapati bersalah atas dakwaan melakukan genosid, jenayah perang dan jenayah menentang kemanusiaan terhadap etnik Rohingya di negara itu.

BACA: Kerajaan Myanmar bersalah lakukan genosid, jenayah perang – Tribunal



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Isu Rohingya: Setiausaha Luar Amerika Syarikat lawat Myanmar esok – Nasional


MANILA 14 Nov. – Usaha Malaysia untuk membela nasib pelarian Rohingya semakin mendapat perhatian masyarakat antarabangsa, termasuk kuasa-kuasa besar apabila Setiausaha Luar Amerika Syarikat, Rex W. Tillerson akan melawat Myanmar, esok.

Perdana Menteri, Datuk Najib Tun Razak berkata Tillerson memberitahu beliau semasa Sidang Kemuncak ASEAN-Asia Timur di sini bahawa beliau akan ke negara itu untuk melihat situasi pelarian Rohingya dan melihat cara untuk mengatasi masalah kemanusiaan itu.

“Sejak kita memperjuangkan isu Rohingya ini, ramai negara lain bangkit sama untuk membincangkannya. Nampaknya Amerika juga memandang serius sejak saya membangkitkannya semasa bertemu Presiden Donald Trump di Washington,” katanya pada sidang media bersama wartawan Malaysia yang membuat liputan Sidang Kemuncak ASEAN ke-31 dan Sidang Kemuncak Berkaitan.

Lebih 600,000 penduduk Rohingya di wilayah Rakhine, Myanmar, telah melarikan diri ke Bangladesh berikutan serangan terhadap orang awam oleh tentera Myanmar dengan alasan memerangi militan bersenjata, sejak 25 Ogos lalu.

Najib juga berkata beliau telah menekankan kepada para pemimpin ASEAN dan rakan dialognya bahawa isu Rohingya bukan sahaja melibatkan soal kemanusiaan, tetapi juga keselamatan kerana ia bakal menjadi satu kawasan untuk kumpulan pengganas IS dan Daesh bertapak jika ia tidak ditangani dengan baik.

Awal bulan ini, satu rombongan Jabatan Luar Negeri Amerika Syarikat telah melawat Myanmar untuk melihat sendiri krisis penduduk Rohingya dan mengenai kaedah penyampaian bantuan kemanusiaan ke kawasan-kawasan yang memerlukan, serta melawat melawat Cox’s Bazar Bangladesh, tempat tumpuan pelarian.

Semalam, Najib menyatakan Penasihat Negara Myanmar, Aung San Suu Kyi, yang mengetuai delegasi negara itu ke Manila, telah menyatakan bahawa negara itu sedang berunding dengan Bangladesh bagi mengadakan satu memorandum persefahaman (MoU) untuk menentukan penghantaran balik pelarian tersebut dari sempadan kedua-dua negara.

Najib juga berkata Suu Kyi turut menyatakan kesediaan kerajaan beliau untuk memberi kerjasama kepada misi bantuan kemanusiaan kepada penduduk Rohingya yang masih berada di Rakhine.

Perdana Menteri sekali lagi menegaskan Malaysia menyambut baik usaha Myanmar itu, tetapi mahu melihat butiran MoU serta syarat yang dikenakan bagi membolehkan pelarian itu pulang ke kampung halaman mereka.

Katanya, mereka difahamkan MoU itu akan dimuktamadkan dalam tempoh tiga minggu. – BERNAMA





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Wisma Putra sahkan wartawan Malaysia dipenjara dua bulan di Myanmar



PUTRAJAYA: Kementerian Luar hari ini mengesahkan laporan beberapa agensi berita antarabangsa bahawa wartawan Malaysia, Mok Choy Lin dijatuhi hukuman penjara dua bulan di Myanmar.

Dalam satu kenyataan hari ini, Wisma Putra berkata Mok yang ditahan pada 27 Okt lalu bersama-sama seorang warga Singapura dan seorang rakyat tempatan, dihukum atas kesalahan yang dilakukan menurut Akta Lapangan Terbang Myanmar 1934.

Menurut kenyataan itu wakil Kedutaan Malaysia di Yangon telah melawat Mok dan wanita tersebut dilaporkan berada dalam keadaan baik.

“Kedutaan bekerjasama rapat dengan pihak berkuasa Myanmar serta Kedutaan Singapura dan Turki di Myanmar bagi memantau dan memberi segala bantuan yang diperlukan kepada rakyat masing-masing yang terlibat,” katanya.

Wisma Putra juga mengulangi ingatan akan keperluan rakyat Malaysia memahami sepenuhnya undang-undang dan peraturan negara tuan rumah sebelum melakukan lawatan selain berusaha mematuhinya.

Mok, wartawan stesen penyiaran Turkish Radio and Television, ditahan oleh pihak berkuasa Myanmar kerana didakwa merakam video bangunan Hluttaw (bangunan Parlimen) di Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar menggunakan dron tanpa mendapat kebenaran terlebih dahulu.

— BERNAMA



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Malaysian journalist in Myanmar jail for using drones



KUALA LUMPUR: The Ministry of Foreign Affairs confirms the reports by several international media agencies that Ms. Mok Choy Lin, a Malaysian journalist who has been detained by the Myanmar authority, was sentenced to two months imprisonment for an offence committed under the Myanmar Aerodrome Act 1934. The Embassy of Malaysia in Yangon has undertaken a consular visit on Ms. Mok Choy Lin, where she was reported to be in good health. The Embassy is closely cooperating with the Myanmar authorities, as well as the Embassies of Singapore and Turkey in Myanmar, to monitor and render the necessary consular assistance to their respective nationals involved.

The Ministry would like to reiterate on the need for Malaysian citizens to understand thoroughly the rules and regulations of the host country prior to visit and every effort should be made to ensure adherence.



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Myanmar must give citizenship to Rohingyas says UN refugee chief



UNITED NATIONS: Myanmar must grant citizenship to hundreds of thousands of Rohingya Muslims so that they can return from Bangladesh to the Southeast Asian country, where they fled government-run violence against the persecuted minority group, Associated Press of Pakistan (APP) reported the head of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) saying.

“These people cannot remain stateless because this statelessness exposes them to discrimination and abuse, as has been the case in the past,’ High Commissioner Filippo Grandi told a press conference Thursday after briefing the UN Security Council on the situation.

More than 600,000 Rohingya Muslims have so far fled the predominantly-Buddhist Myanmar to neighbouring Bangladesh since Aug 25, when the crackdown on the Rohingya intensified in Rakhine state.

The Rohingya from Rakhine constitute “probably the most acute” current refugee crisis, he said.

“We have an incomplete visibility of what is happening in Rakhine, but people continue to come [to Bangladesh], so they don’t feel safe there,” Grandi told reporters, also calling for the restoration of humanitarian access and an end to the violence.

Myanmar authorities assert that the military operations — a response to the August attacks — have long since ended. But reports of ongoing violence and the continuing stream of Rohingya across the border have clouded claims of stability and cast doubt on the government’s promise to allow refugees safe return to their homes.

“Of course, for people to go back and for this return to be sustainable, you need to address the very complex issue of citizenship,” Grandi said.

A Muslim minority in mostly Buddhist Myanmar, the Rohingyas are seen by the government as illegal immigrants from Bangladesh and denied legal status. “I don’t even know if any return will happen in any significant number if that issue is not unblocked,” the commissioner said.

Security, respect for human rights, and progress on resolving the long-standing problem of Rohingya statelessness are essential to creating the conditions for their safe return, Grandi said.

— BERNAMA



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